Cairo the capital city of Egypt. According to History Cairo was established as the city of Fustat by the Fatimids in the 10th Century. Prominent landmarks including Al-Azhar Mosque were constructed at this time.Cairo was a key link on the east-west spice route.
Today Cairo’s Metropolitan is one of the largest in Africa, largest in the Middle East and the 15th largest in the world according to wikipedia. According to trip advisor Cairo is one of the biggest cities in the Middle East and has the traffic and noise issues to prove it. But as long as you’re not looking for solitude, Cairo—the City of the Thousand Minarets—is a splendid place to explore Egyptian history and culture.